### Author Topic: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection  (Read 14116 times)

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#### leafy

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##### Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« on: December 27, 2010, 12:07:59 pm »
When I make an object fall at an exponential rate as if gravity were affecting it, it sometimes misses the platform and passes right through it. I know it's a problem with gaps between y values for adjacent x values, but how do you fix it?
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#### Deep Toaster

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #1 on: December 27, 2010, 02:12:38 pm »
Yeah, pretty common problem with platformers. An easy way to fix it is to set up a For( loop each pass to detect blocks. For example, if you have your X value stored in X, Y value stored in Y, and vertical velocity stored in V, do something like

Code: (Axe) [Select]
:If V>0:For(I,1,V):If pxl-Test(X,Y+I+7)+pxl-Test(X+7,Y+I+7):Y+I→Y:0→V:Else:Y+V→Y:End:End:End
The pxl-Test(s detect blocks, but you can easily change that if you use other forms of collision detection (like with a tilemap). The Y+I+7 detects blocks starting eight pixels after the character, assuming the character is eight pixels high (you can change this too). Same with the X+Y in the second pxl-Test(: it assumes the character is eight pixels wide and detects blocks at its right side.
« Last Edit: December 27, 2010, 02:14:33 pm by Deep Thought »

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #2 on: December 27, 2010, 03:01:16 pm »
My suggestion would be to put that in a subroutine and have it return at what point it found a collision. That way you could set V to 0, and increase the Y by the returned amount.
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#### leafy

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #3 on: December 27, 2010, 04:29:13 pm »
aight, I edited my program and stuck it into a subroutine, but it's still not working.
I added a g variable because my program will need to deactivate gravity later on.

EDIT: Never mind, I lied, I didn't figure it out.
« Last Edit: December 27, 2010, 04:46:15 pm by leafiness0 »
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#### Michael_Lee

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #4 on: December 27, 2010, 07:36:49 pm »
I might be completely wrong, but I think part of your problem was that in your pxl-Tests (in your subroutine, PLT): every time in the loop the pxl-Test was false, you added (or subtracted) the velocity from your y-coordinates.  This meant that your sprite would go much futher then you wanted.

(Also, I'm assuming pgrmALEV drew some kind of floor or something, so I replaced it with a line command) to demonstrate.

Code: [Select]
.HOGGY[007E425A5A427E00]→Pic11→L→F→G→V+4→Y*5→XClrDrawLine(1,60,90,60)Pt-Off(X,Y,Pic1).Main loopWhile 1 Text(1,1,G►Dec) Pt-Change(X,Y,Pic1) If getKey(15) ClrDraw Return End .Control movement getKey(3)-getKey(2)+X→X .Gravity Acceleration (this doesn't need to be in a subroutine) If G=1 V+1→V End .Collision test Sub(PLT) Pt-On(X,Y,Pic1) DispGraph End.Subroutines begin hereLbl PLT If V For(I,1,V) If pxl-Test(X+1,Y+I+5) or pxl-Test(X+6,Y+I+5) Y+I-2→Y 0→V 0→G Return .If something is hit, the program returns to the main loop End End .If I went through the For loop without hitting anything... If F         .(I'm assuming that F can only be 1 or 0 here) Y+V→Y Else Y-V→Y End EndReturn
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#### fb39ca4

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #5 on: December 30, 2010, 09:42:26 pm »
This might not be what you wanted in your game, but doesn't gravity increase velocity quadratically?

#### leafy

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #6 on: December 30, 2010, 09:59:51 pm »
Yeah. In my final version, i made the acceleration equal to t^2, which seems to work quite well. If you wanted to slow it down or speed it up, make it gt^2.

I thought the code was buggy because the exponent was too rapid, so i made it a "linear" increase in acceleration.
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#### ztrumpet

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #7 on: December 30, 2010, 10:26:38 pm »
Make sure that you cap downward motion so that it only moves a max of one frame per second.
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#### Builderboy

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #8 on: December 31, 2010, 01:44:35 am »
This might not be what you wanted in your game, but doesn't gravity increase velocity quadratically?

Acceleration is constant, Velocity is changed linearly, and Position is changed quadratically The best way i have found to do acceleration is to have a velocity variable and add your acceleration to the velocity every frame, and then add the velocity to the position every frame.

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #9 on: January 01, 2011, 05:12:02 pm »
Maybe make it so that if your sprite goes below the platform it automatically resets its height to be on the platform. If Y>([platform height]-8)[platform height]-8)->Y:End

#### shmibs

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##### Re: Gravitational Acceleration and Platform Detection
« Reply #10 on: January 01, 2011, 06:45:41 pm »
/\ that works with tile by tile collisions as long as the terminal velocity is less than the height of a tile(and it's a very good way to keep BASIC platformers running at a decent speed). the for loop method is still necessary for collisions on a pixel by pixel basis, however.